Press Release

Redfin Fourth-Quarter 2018 Revenue up 30% Year-over-Year to $124.1 Million

February 14, 2019

SEATTLE, Feb. 14, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Redfin Corporation (NASDAQ: RDFN) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2018. All financial measures, unless otherwise noted, are presented on a GAAP basis and include stock-based compensation as well as depreciation and amortization expenses.

Fourth Quarter 2018

Revenue increased 30% year-over-year to $124.1 million during the fourth quarter. Gross profit was $26.2 million, a decrease of 10% from $29.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Gross margin was 21%, compared to 30% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Real estate services(1) gross profit was $27.8 million, a decrease of 6% from $29.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Real estate services gross margin was 28%, compared to 33% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Operating expenses were $38.7 million, an increase of 23% from $31.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Operating expenses were 31% of revenue, down from 33% in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Net loss was $12.2 million, compared to net loss of $1.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Stock-based compensation was $6.0 million, up from $3.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Depreciation and amortization was $2.3 million, up from $1.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Interest income was $2.3 million and interest expense was $2.1 million, up from $0.5 million and zero, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2017.

GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted, was $0.14, compared to GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted, of $0.02 in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Full Year 2018

Revenue increased 32% year-over-year to $486.9 million in 2018. Gross profit was $119.4 million, an increase of 7% from $111.8 million in 2017. Gross margin was 25%, compared to 30% in 2017. Operating expenses were $163.4 million, an increase of 28% from $127.8 million in 2017. Operating expenses were 34% of revenue, down from 35% in 2017.

Net loss was $42.0 million, compared to net loss of $15.0 million in 2017. Stock-based compensation was $20.4 million, up from $11.1 million in 2017. Depreciation and amortization was $8.5 million, up from $7.2 million in 2017.

GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted, reflects accretion expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock, which was outstanding prior to its conversion to common stock following our initial public offering ("IPO"). GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted, was $0.49, compared to GAAP net loss per share, basic and diluted, of $4.47 in 2017. Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted,(2) which excludes accretion expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock and assumes its conversion to common stock in connection with our IPO as of the first day of the reported period, was $0.49 and $0.20 in 2018 and 2017, respectively. As a result of the conversion of our redeemable convertible preferred stock in connection with our IPO, there was no accretion expense in 2018.

“Redfin’s fourth-quarter results again exceeded our expectations, with continued year-over-year gains in market share, and a new report showing that our customer satisfaction is 49% higher than our competitors’,” said Redfin CEO Glenn Kelman. “But what we’re most excited about are the first signs that our broader vision is coming to life in 2019: more Redfin homebuyers are choosing a Redfin mortgage because of an investment in local service, more Redfin home sellers are signing up for our concierge service to spruce up the home before its market debut, and then more of those home sellers are also meeting our agents to buy their next place. RedfinNow, our business of buying a home on our own account and then selling it, is increasingly drawing on our brokerage’s field organization and systems, giving us more confidence that we can grow this business quickly without having to build everything from scratch.”

Highlights

  • Reached market share of 0.81% of U.S. existing home sales by value in the fourth quarter of 2018, an increase of 0.10 percentage points from the fourth quarter of 2017.(3)
  • Redfin saved homebuyers and sellers over $31 million in the fourth quarter and over $154 million in 2018, compared to a 2.5% commission typically charged by traditional agents.
  • Earned a Net Promoter Score, a measure of customer satisfaction, that is 49% higher than competing brokerages’, as measured in a Redfin-commissioned November 2018 survey of people who bought or sold a home in the previous 12 months. 2018 marked the fourth consecutive year that our customer satisfaction was higher than that of traditional brokers.
  • Redfin continued to expand its nationwide footprint in 2018, launching brokerage services in four new markets: Asheville, NC, Connecticut, Palm Springs, CA and Spokane, WA. Redfin is now reaching customers across 89 markets total and services 77% of the U.S. population. In addition, Redfin introduced the 1% listing fee to Nashville and Salt Lake City in the fourth quarter.
  • Expanded Redfin Concierge Service to Seattle, where Redfin coordinates, supervises and pays for services such as deep cleaning, painting, staging and landscaping, all for a two percent listing fee. Redfin agents create a custom plan for each home to make sure it has a great debut on the market. The service is also available for homes $500K or higher in Los Angeles, Washington, D.C. and San Francisco, with additional markets slated to launch in 2019.
  • Redfin is now providing customers with an entirely digital home buying experience in markets that offer Redfin Mortgage. Through a new partnership with Notarize, Redfin Mortgage clients have the ability to close on a home quickly, easily and completely online. This is another example of Redfin using technology to improve the entire home-buying process from home search, mortgage application and approval, to purchasing and closing on a home.
  • Expanded Redfin Mortgage to Colorado. As of the end of 2018, Redfin Mortgage had launched in ten states and Washington, D.C., with plans to launch in additional states in the coming months. Customers in those states can now get conforming mortgages and jumbo loans, with a 30-day closing guarantee. By integrating a lending operation with Redfin's existing brokerage and title businesses, Redfin makes closing on a home more efficient.
  • Redfin increased our proportion of women technologists from 32 percent in 2017 to 33 percent in 2018. We continue to work towards our goal of 50 percent overall. We are also prioritizing racial and ethnic diversity, as we believe employing a diverse workforce will help us deliver better service to all people.

(1) Prior to reporting our financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2018, we had one reportable segment ("Real estate") that reflected revenue derived from commissions and fees charged on real estate services transactions closed by us or partner agents representing customers in buying and selling homes. Beginning with our financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2018, we recognized a new reportable segment ("Properties") that reflects revenue from when we sell homes that we previously bought directly from homeowners through RedfinNow. Concurrent with our recognition of the new "Properties" segment, we changed the name of our "Real estate" segment to "Real estate services." Prior to our financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2018, we included the results from our "Properties" segment as part of our "Other" segment.

(2) Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted, are non-GAAP financial measures as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures is provided below in the tables included in this press release. An explanation of these measures is also included below under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

(3) We calculate the aggregate value of U.S. home sales by multiplying the total number of U.S. existing home sales by the mean sale price of these homes, each as reported by the National Association of REALTORS®. We calculate our market share by aggregating the home value of real estate services transactions conducted by our lead agents or our partner agents. Then, in order to account for both the sell- and buy-side components of each transaction, we divide that value by two-times the estimated aggregate value of U.S. home sales.

Business Outlook

The following forward-looking statements reflect Redfin's expectations as of February 14, 2019, and are subject to substantial uncertainty.

For the first quarter of 2019 we expect:

  • Total revenue between $101.5 million and $105.1 million, representing year-over-year growth between 27% and 32% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Properties segment revenue between $15.0 million and $16.5 million is included in the guidance provided.
  • Net loss between $69.2 million and $67.8 million, compared to net loss of $36.4 million in the first quarter of 2018. This guidance includes approximately $6.6 million of expected stock-based compensation and $2.1 million of expected depreciation and amortization.

Conference Call

Redfin will webcast a conference call to discuss the results at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time today. The webcast will be open to the public at http://investors.redfin.com. The webcast will remain available on the investor relations website for at least three months following the conference call.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws, including statements regarding expansion of Redfin Concierge Service and Redfin Mortgage and our employee diversity goals, each as described under Highlights, and our future operating results, as described under Business Outlook. We believe our expectations related to these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but actual results may turn out to be materially different. For factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements in this press release, please see the risks and uncertainties identified under the heading "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which is available on our Investor Relations website at http://investors.redfin.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.  All forward-looking statements reflect our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we have used non-GAAP financial measures, specifically adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted, in this press release. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute of, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.

We believe these non-GAAP financial measures enable comparison of financial results between periods where net loss per share, basic and diluted, may vary independent of business performance. There are limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool, in particular the adjustments to our GAAP financial measures reflect the exclusion of accretion expense, which is related to our redeemable convertible preferred stock that converted into common stock upon the completion of our IPO in August 2017. Included in weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted, are shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock as if all such shares were converted to common stock on the first date of each period presented. These measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting its usefulness for comparison purposes. A reconciliation of adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted, to net loss per share, basic and diluted, has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release, and investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation.

About Redfin

Redfin (www.redfin.com) is a technology-powered residential real estate company. Founded by software engineers, we run the country's #1 most-visited brokerage website and offer a host of online tools to consumers, including the Redfin Estimate. We represent people buying and selling homes in over 85 markets throughout the United States and Canada. Our mission is to redefine real estate in the consumer’s favor. In a commission-driven industry, we put the customer first. We do this by pairing our own agents with our own technology to create a service that is faster, better, and costs less. Since our launch in 2006 through 2018, we have helped customers buy or sell more than 170,000 homes worth more than $85 billion.

Redfin-F

Contacts

Investor Relations
Elena Perron, 206-576-8610
ir@redfin.com

Public Relations
Mariam Sughayer, 206-876-1322
press@redfin.com

 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
  Unaudited        
Revenue $ 124,129     $ 95,754     $ 486,920     $ 370,036  
Cost of revenue (1) 97,920     66,583     367,496     258,216  
Gross profit 26,209     29,171     119,424     111,820  
Operating expenses              
Technology and development (1) 13,692     11,287     53,797     42,532  
Marketing (1) 8,054     6,072     44,061     32,251  
General and administrative (1) 16,969     14,181     65,500     53,009  
Total operating expenses 38,715     31,540     163,358     127,792  
Loss from operations (12,506 )   (2,369 )   (43,934 )   (15,972 )
Interest income 2,334     495     5,416     882  
Interest expense (2,071 )       (3,681 )    
Other income, net 21     76     221     88  
Net loss $ (12,222 )   $ (1,798 )   $ (41,978 )   $ (15,002 )
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock $     $     $     $ (175,915 )
Net loss attributable to common stock - basic and diluted $ (12,222 )   $ (1,798 )   $ (41,978 )   $ (190,917 )
Net loss per share attributable to common stock - basic and diluted $ (0.14 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.49 )   $ (4.47 )
Weighted average shares - basic and diluted 89,650,602     81,428,862     85,669,039     42,722,114  

(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:

  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
  Unaudited        
Cost of revenue $ 1,506     $ 774     $ 5,567     $ 2,902  
Technology and development 2,241     1,024     7,576     3,325  
Marketing 231     124     662     487  
General and administrative 1,988     1,151     6,633     4,387  
Total $ 5,966     $ 3,073     $ 20,438     $ 11,101  


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
  December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017
Assets      
Current assets      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 432,608     $ 208,342  
Restricted cash 6,446     4,316  
Prepaid expenses 11,916     8,613  
Accrued revenue, net 15,363     13,334  
Inventory 22,694     3,382  
Loans held for sale 4,913     1,891  
Other current assets 2,307     328  
Total current assets 496,247     240,206  
Property and equipment, net 25,187     22,318  
Intangible assets, net 2,806     3,294  
Goodwill 9,186     9,186  
Other assets 9,395     6,951  
Total assets 542,821     281,955  
Liabilities and stockholders' equity      
Current liabilities      
Accounts payable $ 2,516     $ 1,901  
Accrued liabilities 30,837     26,605  
Other payables 6,544     4,068  
Warehouse credit facilities 4,733     2,016  
Current portion of deferred rent 1,588     1,267  
Total current liabilities 46,218     35,857  
Deferred rent, net of current portion 11,079     10,668  
Convertible senior notes, net 113,586      
Total liabilities 170,883     46,525  
Stockholders’ equity/(deficit)      
Common stock—par value $0.001 per share; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 90,151,341 and 81,468,891 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 90     81  
Preferred stock—par value $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued and outstanding      
Additional paid-in capital 542,829     364,352  
Accumulated deficit (170,981 )   (129,003 )
Total stockholders’ equity 371,938     235,430  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 542,821     $ 281,955  


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 
  Year Ended December 31,
  2018   2017
Operating activities      
Net loss $ (41,978 )   $ (15,002 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities      
Depreciation and amortization 8,465     7,176  
Stock-based compensation 20,438     11,101  
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs 2,584      
Change in assets and liabilities      
Prepaid expenses (3,303 )   (4,225 )
Accrued revenue (2,029 )   (2,709 )
Inventory (19,312 )   (3,382 )
Other current assets (1,978 )   8,452  
Other assets (444 )   223  
Accounts payable 617     (252 )
Accrued liabilities 4,191     5,115  
Other payables 318      
Deferred lease liability (1,249 )   749  
Origination of loans held for sale (86,023 )   (11,008 )
Proceeds from sale of loans originated as held for sale 83,001     9,117  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (36,702 )   5,355  
Investing activities      
Sales and maturities of short-term investments     2,741  
Purchases of short-term investments     (992 )
Purchases of property and equipment (8,303 )   (12,113 )
Purchases of investments (2,000 )    
Net cash used in investing activities (10,303 )   (10,364 )
Financing activities      
Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes, net 138,953      
Proceeds from follow-on offering, net 107,593      
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 23,407     3,003  
Tax payment related to net share settlements on restricted stock units (1,426 )    
Proceeds from initial public offering, net of underwriting discounts     148,088  
Payment of initial public offering costs     (3,558 )
Borrowings from warehouse credit facilities 83,842     10,746  
Repayments of warehouse credit facilities (81,125 )   (8,730 )
Other payables - deposits held in escrow 2,158     273  
Net cash provided by financing activities 273,402     149,822  
Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash 226,397     144,813  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash      
Beginning of period 212,658     67,845  
End of period $ 439,055     $ 212,658  
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities      
Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock to common stock $     $ 831,331  
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock $     $ (175,915 )
Stock-based compensation capitalized in property and equipment $ (522 )   $ (268 )
Property and equipment additions in accounts payable and accrued expenses $ (82 )   $ (31 )
Leasehold improvements paid directly by lessor $ (1,980 )   $ (822 )


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics
(unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
  Dec. 31, 2018   Sep. 30, 2018   Jun. 30, 2018   Mar. 31, 2018   Dec. 31, 2017   Sep. 30, 2017   Jun. 30, 2017   Mar. 31, 2017   Dec. 31, 2016   Dec. 31, 2018   Dec. 31, 2017   Dec. 31, 2016
Monthly average visitors (in thousands) 25,212     29,236     28,777     25,820     21,377     24,518     24,400     20,162     16,058     27,261     22,623     16,215  
Real estate services transactions                                              
Brokerage 9,822     12,876     12,971     7,285     8,598     10,527     10,221     5,692     6,432     42,954     35,038     25,868  
Partner 2,749     3,333     3,289     2,237     2,739     3,101     2,874     2,041     2,281     11,608     10,755     9,482  
Total 12,571     16,209     16,260     9,522     11,337     13,628     13,095     7,733     8,713     54,562     45,793     35,350  
                                               
Real estate services revenue per transaction                                              
Brokerage $ 9,569     $ 9,227     $ 9,510     $ 9,628     $ 9,659     $ 9,289     $ 9,301     $ 9,570     $ 9,428     $ 9,459     $ 9,429     $ 9,436  
Partner 2,232     2,237     2,281     2,137     2,056     1,960     1,945     1,911     1,991     2,229     1,971     1,719  
Aggregate $ 7,964     $ 7,790     $ 8,048     $ 7,869     $ 7,822     $ 7,621     $ 7,687     $ 7,548     $ 7,481     $ 7,921     $ 7,677     $ 7,366  
                                               
Aggregate home value of real estate services transactions (in millions) $ 5,825     $ 7,653     $ 7,910     $ 4,424     $ 5,350     $ 6,341     $ 6,119     $ 3,470     $ 4,018     $ 25,812     $ 21,280     $ 16,199  
U.S. market share by value 0.81 %   0.85 %   0.83 %   0.73 %   0.71 %   0.71 %   0.64 %   0.58 %   0.56 %   0.81 %   0.67 %   0.54 %
Revenue from top-10 Redfin markets as a percentage of real estate services revenue 66 %   66 %   68 %   66 %   69 %   69 %   69 %   68 %   71 %   67 %   69 %   72 %
Average number of lead agents 1,419     1,397     1,415     1,327     1,118     1,028     1,010     935     796     1,390     1,023     763  


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information
(in thousands)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2018   2017   2018   2017
  Unaudited        
Revenue by segment              
Brokerage revenue $ 93,985     $ 83,045     $ 406,293     $ 330,372  
Partner revenue 6,135     5,631     25,875     21,198  
Total real estate services revenue 100,120     88,676     432,168     351,570  
Properties revenue 21,604     5,147     44,993     10,491  
Other revenue 2,476     1,931     9,882     7,975  
Intercompany eliminations (71 )       (123 )    
Total revenue $ 124,129     $ 95,754     $ 486,920     $ 370,036  
               
Cost of revenue by segment              
Real estate services cost of revenue $ 72,294     $ 58,982     $ 309,069     $ 237,832  
Properties cost of revenue 22,527     5,022     46,613     10,384  
Other cost of revenue 3,170     2,579     11,937     10,000  
Intercompany eliminations (71 )       (123 )    
Total cost of revenue $ 97,920     $ 66,583     $ 367,496     $ 258,216  
               
Gross profit by segment              
Real estate services gross profit $ 27,826     $ 29,694     $ 123,099     $ 113,738  
Properties gross profit (923 )   125     (1,620 )   107  
Other gross profit (694 )   (648 )   (2,055 )   (2,025 )
Total gross profit $ 26,209     $ 29,171     $ 119,424     $ 111,820  


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2018*   2017*   2018*   2017
Net loss attributable to common stock, as reported $ (12,222 )   $ (1,798 )   $ (41,978 )   $ (190,917 )
Adjustments              
Add-back: Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock             175,915  
Net loss attributable to common stock, adjusted $ (12,222 )   $ (1,798 )   $ (41,978 )   $ (15,002 )
Non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share - basic and diluted $ (0.14 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.49 )   $ (0.20 )
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share — basic and diluted 89,650,602     81,428,862     85,669,039     75,064,269  
               
Reconciliation of weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, from GAAP to non-GAAP — basic and diluted              
Weighted-average shares used to compute GAAP net loss per share attributable to common stockholders — basic and diluted 89,650,602     81,428,862     85,669,039     42,722,114  
Adjustments              
Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock as of beginning of period presented             32,342,155  
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share — basic and diluted 89,650,602     81,428,862     85,669,039     75,064,269  

* All amounts for 2018 and for three month ended December 31, 2017 are presented on a GAAP basis and included for comparative purposes.

 

Redfin-WEB_Logo-Standard.jpg

Source: Redfin Corporation