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Redfin Report: Home Prices Up 5.3% in July, Continuing a Trend of Moderating Growth

Sales Rebounded, up 4.1%, as Inventory Declined Just 5.4% from Last Year

San Jose, Seattle and Portland Posted Double-Digit Inventory Increases for the Second Month in a Row

Home-Selling Speed Slowed Dramatically in Washington, D.C. as it Accelerated in Indianapolis and Atlanta

SEATTLE, Aug. 17, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- (NASDAQ: RDFN) -- U.S. home-sale prices increased 5.3 percent year over year to a median of $307,400 in July, according to Redfin (, the next-generation real estate brokerage. The price growth rate has been dropping for five consecutive months and has not been this low since September 2016. Homes sales increased 4.1 percent in July compared to July 2017 as inventory declines continued to moderate.


The number of homes for sale in July was down 5.4 percent year over year. This marks the third month of supply declines around 5 percent following 19 months of inventory declines of over 7 percent.

Homes that sold in July went under contract in a median 35 days, three days faster than last year and one day slower than in June. While homes are still selling near a record-fast pace, there are some signs competition is waning. For the first time since March 2015, the share of homes that sold above asking price declined year over year-- albeit slightly-- from 26.5 in July 2017 to 26.2 percent last month. Twenty-eight percent of homes on the market in July had a price drop, the largest share on record since Redfin began tracking this metric in 2009, and a 3.2 percentage-point increase over last July. It's worth noting that the share of homes with price drops typically peaks each year in July or August.

Metro Trends

For the second month in a row, inventory increased year over year by double digits in San Jose, California, (28.0%) Seattle (27.0%) and Portland, Oregon, (21.8%). These markets also experienced sales declines of 11.9 percent, 6.4 percent and 6.1 percent, respectively. In Portland, homes took a median 15 days on market (DOM) to sell, a full week longer than last July. In San Jose (16 DOM) and Seattle (9 DOM), it took one and two days longer, respectively, for homes to find a buyer this July compared to last year.

Home prices continued to rise in these metros year over year, but they are rising at a slower rate. In Portland, home prices were up 4 percent year over year, the lowest price growth in 41 months. Seattle home prices increased 8 percent compared with last year, the lowest growth in 27 months. San Jose home prices grew 19.3 percent. While still the highest growth of any metro Redfin tracks, this was the lowest price growth San Jose has seen in nine months.

Taylor Marr, Redfin senior economist, said, "The Bay Area, Seattle and Portland have been so competitive for so long that buyers and sellers have adjusted to those conditions and may feel uneasy about the changes we're seeing in the market. After several years of shrinking inventory and unsustainable price growth, I'm encouraged by these changes as a signal that we may be returning to a healthier, more balanced market."

The market is also slowing down in Washington, D.C., and Baltimore where homes took 19 days and 10 days longer to sell than last year, respectively. Home prices grew just 0.7 percent in Washington, D.C. and fell 0.5 percent in Baltimore. Sales in Washington, D.C. grew 12.7 percent as inventory increased 9.1 percent. Baltimore sales surged 55.7 percent compared to last July, though this can be partially attributed to unusually low number of sales last year. The supply of homes in Baltimore declined less than a percent in July compared to last year. 

Mary Bazargan, a Redfin agent in Washington, D.C. says well-priced homes in popular neighborhoods continue to get interest, but buyers seem more hesitant to write offers.

"I recently listed a gorgeous D.C. home at a price we thought would attract multiple offers the first week, but despite a lot of tours, it took three weeks to receive an offer. That kind of buyer reluctance is becoming more common, so it's important that sellers are informed about what's been happening over the past few weeks, instead of aligning their expectations with what happened in April or May."

While these hot coastal markets are showing signs of cooling, competition is heating up in some smaller, inland metros. In Indianapolis the typical home that sold in July found a buyer in 10 days, 25 days faster than last July. In Atlanta (23 DOM); Rochester, New York (15 DOM); Buffalo, New York (14 DOM); and Knoxville, Tennessee (55 DOM), homes sold more than two weeks faster this year compared to last year. 

Jake Johnson, Redfin's market manager in Indianapolis, said a drastic year-over-year decline in inventory (-27.6%) is causing competition to escalate. "We're caught in the cycle where sellers are afraid to list because they aren't sure if they'll find a home to buy. In popular neighborhoods, homes that would have received two or three offers last year are getting eight to 10. Homes in the $250,000 to $350,000 price range are going under contract within days. Because Indianapolis hasn't traditionally been a hot market, we're educating buyers about how the market is changing and how we can craft an offer to win in a bidding war."

Other July Highlights

Speed and Competition

  • Grand Rapids, MI was the fastest market, with half of all homes pending sale in just 8 days, down from 11 days from a year earlier. Boston, Denver and Seattle were the next fastest markets with 9 median days on market, followed by Indianapolis (10).
  • The most competitive market in July was San Francisco where 76.3% of homes sold above list price, followed by 71.7% in San Jose, CA, 70.0% in Oakland, CA, 51.3% in Tacoma, WA, and 50.8% in Boston.


  • San Jose, CA had the nation's highest price growth, rising 19.3% since last year to $1,163,500. Detroit had the second highest growth at 15% year-over-year price growth, followed by Tacoma, WA (12.7%), Memphis, TN (12.5%), and Salt Lake City (12.2%).
  • 2 metros saw price declines in July: Camden, NJ (-0.9%), and Baltimore (-0.5%).


  • 13 out of 73 metros saw sales surge by double digits from last year. Baltimore led the nation in year-over-year sales growth, up 55.1%, followed by Camden, NJ, up 40.8%. Oklahoma City rounded out the top three with sales up 20.1% from a year ago.
  • Miami saw the largest decline in sales since last year, falling 17.9%. Home sales in Buffalo, NY and San Jose, CA declined by 12.9% and 11.9%, respectively.


  • San Jose, CA had the highest increase in the number of homes for sale, up 28.0% year over year, followed by Seattle (27.0%) and Portland, OR (21.8%).
  • Las Vegas had the largest decrease in overall inventory, falling 33.6% since last July. Albuquerque, NM (-32.1%), Indianapolis (-27.6%), and Rochester, NY (-26.2%) also saw far fewer homes available on the market than a year ago.

Redfin Estimate

  • The median list price-to-Redfin Estimate ratio was 92.5% in San Francisco, CA, the lowest of any market. This indicates the typical home for sale in July was listed below its estimated value. Only 5.9% of homes in San Francisco, CA were listed for more than their Redfin Estimate.
  • Conversely, the median list price-to-Redfin Estimate ratio was 102.3% in Miami, FL and 102.0% in West Palm Beach, FL, which means sellers are listing their homes for more than the estimated value in those metro areas. In Miami, FL, 84.4% of homes were listed above their Redfin Estimate, the highest percentage of any metro.

To read the full report, complete with charts and market-level data, please visit:

About Redfin
Redfin ( is the next-generation real estate brokerage, combining its own full-service agents with modern technology to redefine real estate in the consumer's favor. Founded by software engineers, Redfin has the country's #1 brokerage website and offers a host of online tools to consumers, including the Redfin Estimate, the automated home-value estimate with the industry's lowest published error rate for listed homes. Homebuyers and sellers enjoy a full-service, technology-powered experience from Redfin real estate agents, while saving thousands in commissions. Redfin serves more than 80 major metro areas across the U.S. The company has closed more than $60 billion in home sales.

For more information or to contact a local Redfin real estate agent, visit To learn about housing market trends and download data, visit the Redfin Data Center. To be added to Redfin's press release distribution list, subscribe here. To view Redfin's press center, click here.


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